URLhttps://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/641342
Download URLhttps://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/641342/data/download
Media Typetext/tab-separated-values
CreatedMarch 24, 2016
ModifiedApril 5, 2017
StateFinal no updates expected
Brief DescriptionIODP-347 drill site locations

Acquisition Description

Processing Description

Data for sites downloaded from: http://iodp.pangaea.de/front_content.php?idcat=587

Reformatted to BCO-DMO convention for serving

Parameters

Site [site]
Details
Site

Site

Sampling site identification.
Date [date]
Details
Date

Date in YYYYMMDD format

date; generally reported in GMT as YYYYMMDD (year; month; day); also as MMDD (month; day); EqPac dates are local Hawaii time. ISO_Date format is YYYY-MM-DD (http://www.iso.org/iso/home/standards/iso8601.htm)

Depth [depth]
Details
Depth

Water Depth

Observation/sample depth below the sea surface. Units often reported as: meters, feet.


When used in a JGOFS/GLOBEC dataset the depth is a best estimate; usually but not always calculated from pressure; calculated either from CTD pressure using Fofonoff and Millard (1982; UNESCO Tech Paper #44) algorithm adjusted for 1980 equation of state for seawater (EOS80) or simply equivalent to nominal depth as recorded during sampling if CTD pressure was unavailable.

Dataset Maintainers

NameAffiliationContact
Karen G. LloydUniversity of Tennessee Knoxville (UTK)
Andrew D. SteenUniversity of Tennessee Knoxville (UTK)
Karen G. LloydUniversity of Tennessee Knoxville (UTK)
Stephen R. GeggWoods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI BCO-DMO)

BCO-DMO Project Info

Project TitleQuantifying the contribution of the deep biosphere in the marine sediment carbon cycle using deep-sea sediment cores from the Baltic Sea
AcronymIODP-347 Microbial Quantification
URLhttps://www.bco-dmo.org/project/639417
CreatedFebruary 29, 2016
ModifiedDecember 6, 2017
Project Description

Marine sediments contain a microbial population large enough to rival that of Earth's oceans, but much about this vast community is unknown. Innovations in total cell counting methods have refined estimates of cell concentrations, but tell us nothing about specific taxa. Isotopic data provides evidence that a majority of subsurface microorganisms survive by breaking down organic matter, yet measurable links between specific microbial taxa and their organic matter substrates are untested. The proposed work overcomes these limitations, with a particular focus on the degradation of proteins and carbohydrates, which comprise the bulk of classifiable sedimentary organic matter. The project will link specific taxa to potential extracellular enzyme activity in the genomes of single microbial cells, apply newly-identified, optimal methods for counting viable cells belonging to specific taxa using catalyzed reporter deposition fluorescent in situ hybridization (CARD-FISH), and measure the potential activity of their enzymes in situ. The resulting data will provide key evidence about the strategies subsurface life uses to overcome extreme energy limitation and contribute to the long-term carbon cycle.

The Principal Investigators are employing novel,improved methods to quantify cells of specific taxa in the marine subsurface and to determine the biogeochemical functions of those uncultured taxa, including:
1) Determine the pathway of organic carbon degradation in single cell genomes of uncultured, numerically dominant subsurface microorganisms.
2) Quantify viable bacteria and archaea in the deep subsurface using an improvement on the existing technology of CARD-FISH.
3 )Measure the potential activities (Vmax values) of enzymes in deep Baltic Sea sediments, and use the abundances of enzyme-producing microorganisms to calculate depth profiles of cell-specific Vmax values.

The project combines these methods in order to identify and quantify the cells capable of degrading organic matter in deep sediments of the Baltic Sea, obtained from Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) expedition 347. These results will greatly expand our knowledge of the function and activity of uncultured microorganisms in the deep subsurface.

This project is associated with C-DEBI account number 157595.

Project Maintainers
NameAffiliationRoleContact
Karen G. LloydUniversity of Tennessee Knoxville (UTK)Principal Investigator
Andrew D. SteenUniversity of Tennessee Knoxville (UTK)Co-Principal Investigator
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