A novel mesophilic, anaerobic, mixotrophic bacterium, with designated strains EPR-MT and HR-1, was isolated from a semi-extinct hydrothermal vent at the East Pacific Rise and from an Fe-mat at Lō’ihi Seamount, respectively. The cells were Gram-negative, pleomorphic rods of about 2.0 µm in length and 0.5 µm in width. Strain EPR-MT grew between 25 and 45 °C (optimum, 37.5–40 °C), 10 and 50 g l−1 NaCl (optimum, 15–20 g l−1) and pH 5.5 and 8.6 (optimum, pH 6.4). Strain HR-1 grew between 20 and 45 °C (optimum, 37.5–40 °C), 10 and 50 g l−1 NaCl (optimum, 15–25 g l−1) and pH 5.5 and 8.6 (optimum, pH 6.4). Shortest generation times with H2 as the primary electron donor, CO2 as the carbon source and ferric citrate as terminal electron acceptor were 6.7 and 5.5 h for EPR-MT and HR-1, respectively. Fe(OH)3, MnO2, AsO4 3-, SO4 2-, SeO4 2-, S2O3 2-, S0 and NO3 – were also used as terminal electron acceptors. Acetate, yeast extract, formate, lactate, tryptone and Casamino acids also served as both electron donors and carbon sources. G+C content of the genomic DNA was 59.4 mol% for strain EPR-MT and 59.2 mol% for strain HR-1. Phylogenetic and phylogenomic analyses indicated that both strains were closely related to each other and to Geothermobacter ehrlichii , within the class δ- Proteobacteria (now within the class Desulfuromonadia ). Based on phylogenetic and phylogenomic analyses in addition to physiological and biochemical characteristics, both strains were found to represent a novel species within the genus Geothermobacter , for which the name Geothermobacter hydrogeniphilus sp. nov. is proposed. Geothermobacter hydrogeniphilus is represented by type strain EPR-MT (=JCM 32109T=KCTC 15831T=ATCC TSD-173T) and strain HR-1 (=JCM 32110=KCTC 15832).