Download URLhttps://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/661775/data/download
Media Type text/tab-separated-values
Created October 14, 2016
Modified December 5, 2017
State Final no updates expected
Brief Description

Porewater sulfate concentrations from sediment cores collected on the Guaymas Basin Ridge flanks and the Sonora Margin in 2014

Acquisition Description

Porewater sulfate concentrations were determined by ion chromatography in the Geochemistry lab of GEOMAR, Germany.

Processing Description

BCO-DMO Processing:
– created a column for core number;
– added lat, lon, and depth for each core from the metadata form;
– modified parameter names to conform with BCO-DMO naming conventions.


ion chromatography [Ion Chromatograph]
Instance Description (ion chromatography)

Porewater sulfate concentrations were determined by ion chromatography in the Geochemistry lab of GEOMAR, Germany.

Ion chromatography is a form of liquid chromatography that measures concentrations of ionic species by separating them based on their interaction with a resin. Ionic species separate differently depending on species type and size. Ion chromatographs are able to measure concentrations of major anions, such as fluoride, chloride, nitrate, nitrite, and sulfate, as well as major cations such as lithium, sodium, ammonium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium in the parts-per-billion (ppb) range. (from http://serc.carleton.edu/microbelife/research_methods/biogeochemical/ic.html)


core [core_id]
Core identifier

Core identification number or label; often used with ice, rock, sediment, or coral cores.

lat [latitude]
Latitude of sampling location; postive = north

latitude, in decimal degrees, North is positive, negative denotes South; Reported in some datasets as degrees, minutes

lon [longitude]
Longitude of sampling location; negative = west

longitude, in decimal degrees, East is positive, negative denotes West; Reported in some datsets as degrees, minutes

depth [depth_w]
Water depth at sampling location

water depth, in meters

core_sample [sample]
Identifier for the core sample

unique sample identification or number; any combination of alpha numeric characters; precise definition is file dependent

actual_depth [depth_core]
Sample depth, within the core
depth in core; mid-point of interval sampled
sulfate_mM [SO4]
Sulfate concentration

Concentration of sulfate (SO4) per unit volume

Dataset Maintainers

Andreas P. TeskeUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC-Chapel Hill)
Ivano AielloUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC-Chapel Hill)
Ana Christina RaveloUniversity of California-Santa Cruz (UC Santa Cruz)
Shannon RauchMoss Landing Marine Laboratories (MLML)
Shannon RauchMoss Landing Marine Laboratories (MLML)
Shannon RauchWoods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI BCO-DMO)

BCO-DMO Project Info

Project Title Characterizing subseafloor life and environments in the Guaymas Basin
Acronym C-DEBI Guaymas Subseafloor Life
Created October 14, 2016
Modified October 14, 2016
Project Description

Project description from C-DEBI:
The Guaymas Basin in the Gulf of California is a young marginal rift basin characterized by active seafloor spreading and rapid deposition of organic-rich sediments, characterized by extensive temperature and geochemical gradients. Deeply emplaced volcanic sills originating at the spreading center indurate and altered their surrounding sediment matrix, and shape hydrothermal circulation patterns (Einsele et al. 1980). Hydrothermal alteration and mobilization re-injects buried carbon into the biosphere (esp. as hydrocarbons and methane), a process with climate history relevance (Peter et al. 1991, Lizarralde et al. 2011). Subsurface microbial populations can intercept and process these hydrothermally generated and mobilized carbon sources (Teske et al. 2014). In support of a new IODP drilling proposal (No. 833), two Guaymas Basin site survey cruises in 2014 (RV El Puma) and 2015 (RV Sonne) are refining the 2D and 3D seismic structure of the Guaymas Basin subsurface, and collect gravity cores for up-to-date microbial and geochemical analyses. We propose combined microbiological, geochemical and sedimentological analyses to investigate subseafloor life and its environments using sediment cores that we collected on the site survey cruise with RV El Puma in October 2014.

This project was funded by a C-DEBI Research Grant.

Data Project Maintainers
Andreas P. TeskeUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC-Chapel Hill)Principal Investigator
Ivano AielloUniversity of California-Santa Cruz (UC Santa Cruz)Co-Principal Investigator
Ana Christina RaveloMoss Landing Marine Laboratories (MLML)Co-Principal Investigator
Shannon RauchWoods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI BCO-DMO)BCO-DMO Data Manager

BCO-DMO Project Info

Project Title RAPID proposal: Site characterization cruise to document the active and extensive subsurface biosphere in the Guaymas Basin
Acronym RAPID Guaymas Basin
Created November 5, 2015
Modified March 13, 2019
Project Description

Description from NSF project abstract:
The Guaymas Basin in the central Gulf of California is an active tectonic spreading center overlain with thick, organic-rich sediments. In contrast to typical deep-water, mid-ocean ridge spreading centers that have very focused magmatism and little or no sediment, magmatism in the Guaymas Basis is more broadly distributed. This broadly-distributed magmatism significantly expands the fraction of organic-rich sediments that may be subject to alteration by the magmatic heat and thus it greatly expands the range of environments that support hydrocarbon generation and microbial populations in the sediments. Recognition that magmatism is not confined to the spreading axis, but instead is distributed throughout Guaymas Basin, suggests that models for the natural sequestration of carbon, the formation of oceanic crust, and life in the subsurface in marginal rift basins should be reconsidered as this has implications for the long-term removal of atmospheric carbon dioxide (and hence potential climatic implications). The Principal Investigator of this RAPID proposal is a lead proponent on an International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP) proposal to study this system in depth through scientific ocean drilling. To properly plan this expensive IODP expedition, additional site characterization gained from sediment sampling and seismic data is required. This proposal requests funds for the Principal Investigator to participate on an already planned site survey cruise aboard the Mexican Research Vessel (RV) El Puma. The results from this cruise will provide valuable data, at an exceptionally low investment, to guide decisions about potential future scientific drilling in the Guaymas Basin.

This RAPID proposal requests funds for the Principal Investigator to participate on a Mexican site survey cruise in October 2014 on RV El Puma to collect five-meter gravity cores of an extensive sediment transect across the Guaymas Basin and to integrate sequencing-based microbial community analyses of subsurface bacteria and archaea with biogechemical characterizations of these subsurface sediments. Gravity coring and microbial community analysis will target cold non-hydrothermal sediments as well as off-axis hydrothermally-influenced sediments. The gravity coring campaign and the geochemistry/microbiology studies are coordinated with heatflow measurements and extensive 2D seismic analysis and high-resolution 3D seismic mapping by other planned Mexican and German cruises. This multi-pronged strategy will deliver the additional data and complete the site characterizations that are required to properly plan a potential IODP drilling expedition by the JOIDES Resolution.

Data Project Maintainers
Andreas P. TeskeUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC-Chapel Hill)Principal Investigator