Chemotrophic microorganisms gain energy for cellular functions by catalyzing oxidation‐reduction (redox) reactions that are out of equilibrium. Calculations of the Gibbs energy (∆Gr) can identify whether a reaction is thermodynamically favorable and quantify the accompanying energy yield at the temperature, pressure, and chemical composition in the system of interest. Based on carefully calculated values of ∆Gr, we predict a novel microbial metabolism—sulfur comproportionation (3H2S + SO42‐ + 2H+ ⇌ 4S0 + 4H2O). We show that at elevated concentrations of sulfide and sulfate in acidic environments over a broad temperature range, this putative metabolism can be exergonic (∆Gr<0), yielding ~30‐50 kJ/mol. We suggest that this may be sufficient energy to support a chemolithotrophic metabolism currently missing from the literature. Other versions of this metabolism, comproportionation to thiosulfate (H2S + SO42‐ ⇌ S2O32‐ + H2O) and to sulfite (H2S + 3SO42‐ ⇌ 4SO32‐ + 2H+), are only moderately exergonic or endergonic even at ideal geochemical conditions. Natural and impacted environments, including sulfidic karst systems, shallow‐sea hydrothermal vents, sites of acid mine drainage, and acid‐sulfate crater lakes, may be ideal hunting grounds for finding microbial sulfur comproportionators.